ca. 30,000 years before present. Bas relief of a mammoth, carved from bone. Vogelherd Cave in southwestern Germany. Length 69 mm, height 29 mm, breadth 36 mm. Photo: Müller-Beck et al. (1987) From Don's Maps
Steven and Kathleen Holen's recent "mammoth steppe hypothesis," which will be presented in Albuquerque this October, supports the possibility of art in North America which may be very similar to art of the steppe, as seen in the carving from Vogelherd Cave as seen above.