09 August 2016

Stark County, Ohio, landowner and amateur archaeologist is blown off by a supposed expert but confirms his independent observations by finding bone and wood evidence of human activity

'Flaked chert human head likeness, facing left'
Adam Robinson finds, unglaciated portion of Stark County, Ohio
Adam's site is on a promontory hilltop locally known as "The Top of the World"

Human head profile, facing left

'Duck with workbench on its back'

I interpret this object as a 'duck form anvil.' The artist has taken advantage of the natural form of this concretion to craft an anvil or workbench with a duck head facing left on the upper left of the stone seen here. It is as if the duck has the anvil work surface on its back. This piece may have been used to process red ocher as evidenced by the red staining on the anvil surface.

Duck form workbenches have been described by independent portable rock art researcher Jan van Es of the Netherlands and several North American examples in line with his "Old World" observations have been featured on this blog.

Illustration of the interpreted elements of this combination of a sculpture and a functional tool.

This appears to be fossilized spirally fractured bone which would suggest a human presence at Adam's hilltop site.


Adam uncovered this cluster of objects and has reburied it and left it mostly in situ for professional archaeological recovery. There is a crudely pounded kind of sheet metal and a crude metal rod. I detected a human or animal face on what appears to be an animal figure fused to the stone below it. I think the animal may be made of metal as well based on its patina compared to the sheet metal.

Adam Robinson writes, "I've spoken to Brian Redmond at the museum (Cleveland Museum of Natural History) a few times and sent photos. He blew me off and basically told me I had a pile of rocks."

Due to extraordinary preservation conditions of a dry clay environment, Adam Robinson recovered a 'club' consisting of a rock nested in its original wooden handle. Adam's 'pile of rocks' may indeed be more than it seems to those like Dr. Redmond.

This piece of wood presents a significant opportunity to obtain a radio carbon date associated with this kind of yet-undescribed composite tool form and perhaps then the art Adam has identified. The Cleveland Museum and others like it remain incompetent to do the good work of Archaeology. Amateurs are capable of significant contributions to archaeology knowledge but have limited controls, resources and access to labs.

Archaeology continues to disadvantage itself by habitually marginalizing the observations of amateurs and independent researchers.

Stark County, Ohio, compound wood and stone club could contain significant information if a proper scientific examination were made.

Adam has found a second compound tool involving stone forms which have never been recognized by Archaeology as anything other than "just rocks." This one is an ax.

Adam Robinson confirms the observations of many others that apparently worked or utilized crude stones like this they find in concentrations are cultural material, contrary to the findings of North American Archaeology and its 100+ years of "work."

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