04 May 2015

Flint Ridge Ohio finger axe proportions demonstrate the Golden Ratio of Phi and it features a crystal cluster at its center

Flint Ridge, Ohio, finger ax find by Ken Johnston

The ratio of the width to the length of the finger axe approximates the Golden Ratio of Phi.

John Feliks has written on Phi in the Acheulean: "However, as demonstrated in Figures 2.1 and 2.2, phi does not end as a line. The phi “line” represents only its one-dimensional aspect. Phi was employed in the handaxe technologies of all Acheulian and Mousterian peoples as a “two-dimensional” ratio. This fact makes phi the ratio equally representing the cognition of all post-habilis early human species from ergaster and erectus through heidelbergensis and Neanderthal (its use by modern Homo sapiens is, of course, well known). Phi can also be represented in three and four dimensions including time, and if one is open to such as string theory, a great deal more dimensions useful in cognitive archaeology, as well."


The finger axe is roughly centered on a cluster of quartz crystals which is in a prominently displayed position while the tool is in use as designed.

Reaching for the finger axe

The quartz crystals are prominently featured and sparkle in the sun when the tool is held as designed. It is gripped in the fingers and does not come into contact with the palm. It rests on the hand between the index and middle finger.

The famous Mousterian West Tofts, U.K. handaxe centered on a fossil demonstrates the long tradition of centering on or featuring natural stone features in man made objects.

Side 2. The tool wear edge is seen in the upper left in this view.

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